NCW Medical

Cannabis Terpenes

Avatar By: Tommy Lyons October 16, 2019 no comments

Cannabis Terpenes

The cannabis plant contains at least 140 different types of terpenes. Cannabis essential oil colored green and highly volatile. It is extracted by steam distillation from cannabis flowers and upper leaves. Since this oil is so powerful, very small amounts can create the desired effects. Therefore, cannabis essential oil not only benefits the mind and body but also is an economical and natural way to maintain our well-being. The nine primary terpenes of cannabis aromatherapy are alpha-bisabolol, alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, borneol, caryophyllene, humulene, limonene, linalool, and myrcene. It’s the unique and diverse combination of these terpenes that creates characteristic aromas and flavors for a specific cannabis variety, in addition to adding distinct health benefits. For example, pinene functions as a decongestant, clearing sinuses and increasing airflow to the lungs [3], while limonene has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. [4]

Terpenes and cannabinoids, like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), work together to maximize therapeutic benefits and to create the targeted result. While doing so, some terpenes like alpha-pinene and beta-pinene lessen the intoxicating effects of THC. [5] THC binds to receptors which are concentrated most heavily in the areas of the brain where psychoactive effects take place, namely, the brain stem (controls sleeping, breathing and heart rate), limbic system (controls emotions), and cerebral cortex (the thinking center). The terpene beta-caryophyllene can even bind to CB2 receptors and modify their chemical output. [6]Borneol widens lung capillaries, thus helping cannabis compounds enter the bloodstream quicker for healing. [7]

Ref – Jessica Smith


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